Diabetes mellitus, also called juvenile diabetes, is an inherited metabolic disorder that causes excessive high blood sugar levels in the body. High blood glucose levels are not only dangerous to your health but are also unhelpful to your body's ability to properly use other nutrients in your diet. The main sugar in diabetes is normally insulin, which moves glucose from your bloodstream into your cells for use or storage. With diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin at all or may improperly use the insulin that it does produce. There are several other causes and symptoms of diabetes, but they all generally fall under two groups:
Type I - Insulin-dependent diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to secrete enough insulin to properly move glucose from the bloodstream into the cells. This results in high levels of glucose in the bloodstream and often results in excessive thirst, hunger, dizziness, confusion, and coma. This type of diabetes can be either juvenile (insulin-dependent) or adult (insulin-dependent) depending on the age of the person. Type II diabetes is caused by another issue such as obesity or atherosclerosis. This is less common than type I diabetes.
There are several causes of diabetes and symptoms of diabetes. Because of the wide range of symptoms, diagnosis of diabetes can be a challenge. However, there are some common conditions that can mimic diabetes symptoms and lead to false diagnosis of diabetes. When diabetes is suspected, there are several treatments available including daily injections of insulin, daily carbohydrate restriction, diabetes testing at home and in specialized clinics, and a lifestyle change including proper diet and regular exercise.
Juvenile diabetes is a condition that is usually caused by insulin resistance, which occurs when the pancreas makes too much of the hormone called insulin. Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, controls the amount of glucose that sugar in the bloodstream will enter the cells of the body. When the pancreas does not make enough of this hormone, the sugar will accumulate in the cells, which can eventually damage those cells. The cells may eventually die and be unable to carry out their tasks.
A child with type 1 diabetes will usually exhibit symptoms such as not walking or standing for long periods of time, excessive sleepiness during the day, uncontrolled anger, frequent tantrums, constant aches and pains, urination that occur in odd places, and dehydration. In addition, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes can lead to complications such as heart problems, blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage. When symptoms occur in later years, this may indicate that the child has type 2 diabetes. However, the symptoms do not always point to diabetes.
On the other hand, in type 1 diabetes, there are no symptoms. Therefore, diabetes is diagnosed only after the development of symptoms. Symptoms of gestational diabetes can include having a high body temperature, jaundice, fatigue, frequent urination, dark circles under the eyes, nerve damage, poor eating, vomiting, excessive thirst, sexual dysfunction, and premature delivery. In addition, the condition may also result in some other conditions such as kidney failure, osteoporosis, and hypertension. These conditions often occur together with the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a type of disease where a woman has excess sugar in her body despite the fact that she is pregnant. This excess sugar, in the form of pregnancy fat, increases the risk of having a heart disease or developing nerve damage in her body. Diabetes can also cause or increase the chances of having an abnormal baby. Some of the causes of having a normal baby are the size of the baby, the gender, the mother's health and the health of the baby after birth. In addition, if the mother is diabetic, the baby will have a higher chance of getting diabetes from her than normal women.
Nerve damage in the body called diabetic neuropathy can also occur due to diabetes. The diabetic develops a shortage of nerve cells in his feet and hands. As a result of this neuropathy, these parts of the body are not able to respond to physical stimuli. Another reason why nerve damage occurs in the hands and feet is due to excess sugar in the urine caused by high blood sugar level.
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